Xander's Toy Box

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XANDER'S TOY BOX AKA BLANKET CHEST

Our youngest daughter Lisa Dianne Gonzales asked last year or earlier if I would build our youngest Grandson Xander a toy box of which I agreed to do so.  I started the project in the middle of February 2016 and taking my own time since I am in the retirement mode and try not to get in too big a hurray, however time waits for no one!

I researched the internet for some ideas on the design of which there are numerous types ranging from very simple to some very ornate.  I decided to go with something above just a simple box with a design where it could be used later on in life to store other things since the toy storage stage will be quickly outgrown in due time.  Another thing I had to consider, was a design that would allow me to utilize what available equipment and tools that I currently have and with the small tight quarters of my basement garage woodworking shop which has a large percentage occupied by storage shelving units, etc, I am definitely limited in the size of the project! 

I also wanted to use something besides birch plywood as the main body of the box desiring to see some wood grain pattern and went with 3/4 inch pine board glued up panels that were 2 x 4 foot in size and available at our nearest Lowe's in Rockingham, NC.  I have capability to glue up such panels but no use reinventing the wheel on this one; maybe for using some other wood than pine.  I initially decided to use the same 3/4 inch thick pine board panel for the lid but after I started to install the top banding and edge trim around the box, I was a little short on the width of the panel which I will detail later on.  I could have used the panel with a border but the panel developed a serious bow in it.  I went with a heavier 1 inch thick pine board panel which is probably an overkill on my part but that is part of my DNA profile.  One of my friends Robert Webster of Hamlet, NC told me that no one could ever accuse me of under building something.  I didn't have a formal drawing for the toy box but more or less winged it which will likely cost you a few mishaps along the way as I just mentioned earlier and Murphy's Law quickly rises to the occasion.

My woodworking shop is barely large enough to handle a 2 x 4 foot box and my table saw is taxed to try and cut panels any larger than 24 inches in width of which I have to use a couple saw horses outside, circular saw and saw guide to get a larger panel cut down to a manageable size.  The usage of my home made panel sled for the table saw can then get the panels cut to size and square.  My out feed table doubles as a work station and I can rip 8 feet length stock up to 24 inches wide which is near the limit of the table saw adjustable fence.

As noted on my last woodworking project, I found that most of the framing squares and tri-squares are not perfectly square unless they are manufactured by someone like Starrett who makes precision measuring equipment but it is high dollar....most of the time, you get what you pay for!

CUTTING THE PANELS TO SIZE AND ASSEMBLY

I started the project off by cutting the 2 x 4 foot glued up pine board panels to size:

I used the above home made impromptu crosscut sled to cut the panels to length because it was not square and used the rip fence to cut the panel to the width needed.  I later made a much more accurate crosscut sled just for 90 degree crosscuts and have sleds for forty-five degree crosscuts and a miter sled.  After the panels were cut to size, the five panels were glued and screwed together using 1 1/4 inch drywall screws.  I should have installed the bottom panel with it resting on a ledger board on the sides and ends but there is enough wood screws and glue to hold it in place along with the corners resting on the inside portion of the legs which act like a ledger board.

Click on below thumbnails pixs for a larger screen view:

A Fuller brand combination tapered drill bit and countersink was used to pre-drill the holes to prevent the wood from splitting  since the screws were only 3/8 inch from the edge of the material.  After the box was glued and screwed together with the aid of some long bar clamps, a handle opening on each end of the box was cut using a forstner bit and jig saw.  The handle openings will also double as a safety feature allowing air to circulate into the box in case Xander decides to play inside the box with the lid closed which could very well easily happen.

LEG CONSTRUCTION

The next order of construction was the legs which were made from clear pine 2 1/2 inch width boards ripped down to 2 inches and decided to put a forty-five (45) degree miter on two adjoining sides instead of just abutting them together which should give a little more eye appeal.  The finished legs attached to the corners of the box will give the illusion of being solid since the end of the leg will have a solid square glued in place and later the lower portion of each leg will be tapered using the band saw.  Face frames aka stile and rails will be added to the box before the legs are attached for the additional layer of depth perception. 

Click on the below thumbnail pixs for a larger screen view:

I thought I was going to have to make a glue up jig for the legs but remembered a technique that was used by box builder Doug Stowe who authored Basic Box Making which utilized masking tape to hold the pieces together for the glue up which works great if your parts fit together as they should.  Each ninety (90) degree portion of the leg will be also be glued and screwed to each corner of the box with the screws countersinked and covered with poplar dowel rod inserts.  The usage of the legs on top of the face frames will give one more element of depth perception for the recessed style panel construction.  I am not concerned with the extra amount of material used on this project.

RECESSED PANELS

Since I do not have router cutters to produce raised panels to dress the box up, face frames were made using the same material I used for the legs being 2 1/2 inch width clear pine boards to give some depth perception and eye appeal to the box.  They were cut to length and used the Dowelmax jig system to install a pair of 3/8 inch dowels into each stile where it connects to a rail.  A Kreg pocket hole jig would be the tool of choice for this since it is much faster than the Dowelmax system and the screw hole pockets would not be seen anyway, whereas joint strength is not an issue here since the face frames will be glued and screwed to the box.  I plan to add a Kreg pocket hole system to my shop in the near future since I have a few more projects in mind that could utilize the pocket hole screws.   For strength, reliable test have problem dowels are a much stronger joint with the mortise and tenon topping the list.

Click on the below thumbnail pixs for a larger screen view:

After the face frame panels were allowed to dry overnight, they were attached to the box using Titebond II glue, drywall screws and countersunk the screws that would show and added poplar 3/8 inch diameter dowel plugs to hide the screws.

Click on below thumbnail pixs for a larger screen view:

BOSCH ORBITAL SANDER BIT THE DUST

After the poplar dowels were added over the screws and allowed to dry overnight, it was time to sand them down flush using a Bosch 5 inch diameter orbital sander of which the socket head bolt that secures the pad broke requiring a complete disassembly of the tool in order to get to where I could drill and remove the broken portion of the socket head bolt inserted into the end of the motor shaft that drives the pad.  Murphy's Law never sleeps.

After drilling out the center of the bolt in the end of the motor armature which came out without having to use an EZ out extractor tool, there was not a replacement size 7 x 16mm socket head bolt to be found locally and had to order a replacement on line.  Below is a pix of the broken bolt:

I had to order the part from Utah and ordered the wrong bolt; my bad since the parts schematic diagram shows the correct parts.....grin if you must....had to order the correct part and the shipping was about three times the value of the bolt but things like that happen when you don't pay attention to detail.  Anyway, got the bolt in and put the sander back together and it worked fine; image that!

LEG INSTALLATION

It was time to install the legs after band sawing the taper on two sides of each leg.  The legs were glued and screwed in place over the face frames with the drywall screws and the countersunk screws had poplar dowels added to hide the screw.  A top border was added to the box with forty-five degree miters with an overhang to give a little more depth perception to the upper portion of the box. 

Click on below thumbnail pixs for a larger screen view:

The rear portion of the top border was routed for the piano hinge prior to gluing and screwing it into place which is flush with the back with no overhang.  I did a mock up test with the cut-off portion of the hinge to ascertain the proper depth needed for both the lid and the box with thumbnail pixs below:

FIRST MAJOR "MISHAP" OF THE PROJECT

After getting the 1 inch thick lid cut to size, I had some scrap walnut and wanted to place a border around the front and sides, however the walnut was too short and added a piece of pine in the front center so the border would be long enough.  After getting the front border glued up and dried overnight, the front and side pieces went to the router table where a decorative edge was milled into it.  Forty-five degree miters were cut, dowels fitted along with some # 20 size biscuits.  Everything fit like a glove and tried and do the glue up for the front and sides at one time which was a major disaster/mistake.  Before I could get all the dowels, biscuits, etc., in place, the Titebond II extended time glue set up, whereas it was impossible to get the left side border to pull together with the bar clamps and the aid of a hammer.  I had to cut the walnut border from the lid, re-square the lid back up and start over on another border.  I had some 6/4 cedar boards and decided to use them as I needed 1 inch finished thickness to match the lid thickness.  After getting everything redone; e.g., planed down to thickness, cut to size, border routed, dowels and biscuits re-cut, it was time for another glue up.  This time, I decided to glue the front up first and let it dry overnight and do the same thing for each side border which worked out very well.  After the lid border was dry, I installed additional longer dowel rod pieces into the back of the lid for additional support.

Click on below thumbnail pixs for a larger screen view:

MOLDING TRIM ADDED TO THE PANELS

Two types of standard moldings were used being a cove molding under the top band and a base board cap molding for the panels and base available from Lowe's and our local H. W. Little, Inc. Hardware.  I used my home made forty-five (45) degree miter sled on the table saw and miter saw to cut the moldings.  The molding was installed using 18 gauge wire brad nails driven by a pneumatic DeWalt DWFP12233 brad nailer and Titebond II glue to secure the molding trim in place. 

I remember as a young lad, during the summer months my Uncle Doug Coley would "hire" my brother and myself to help him in his masonry construction business and observed how the finish carpenters cut and applied moldings and most used a home made wooden miter box and a few had a much nicer metal miter box all powered by a thin hand trim saw.  That was an era when a carpenter carried his tools in a large open style wooden tool box.  Things has really changed since then. 

Click on below thumbnail pixs for a larger screen view:

 

LID HINGE INSTALLATION

The heavy duty steel piano hinge was cut to length earlier and a 82 degree countersink was used to taper the factory punched holes for size # 10 flat head wood screws to allow the piano hinge to lay fairly flush.  As stated earlier, I already did a mock up test install on a scrap piece of wood to ascertain the proper depth needed for the hinge and pre-drilled the holes in the box and the lid using a self-centering 9/64" Vix bit for # 8, 9 and 10 wood screws.

Click on the below thumbnail pixs for a larger screen view:

The lid was removed after the test installation and everything sanded to 220 grit using a Porter Cable 330 palm sander.  I finally had to replace my 1969 Rockwell Speed Bloc 330 palm sander which is the same exact model as the Porter-Cable.  I definitely got my money's worth out of that palm sander which was still working but had gotten far too noisy and too much extra vibration.  In the hyperlinked pix circa mid 1070s, my bride has an awkward hand position on the Rockwell palm sander wanting to "show case" a ring while she was sanding a Gibson RB5 Pre-War Banjo Wreath pattern fingerboard recently cut and inlaid by yours truly.

RETHINKING THE LID DESIGN

I can't remember why I decided to use only the mitered cedar border on the front and sides instead of mitering a matching piece for the rear unless strength was an issue which I don't think it would have been a problem.  Like I said earlier, I have been somewhat "winging it" on this project without a drawing, blueprint or diagram and it has come along pretty good so far.  After looking at the top of the lid, it just didn't balance out and lacked the eye catching quality I was looking for and decided to add a strip of matching cedar inlaid into the back of the lid.  Now I remember why I didn't use walnut for the rear of the lid; I didn't have enough 1 inch thick walnut to add to the lid......CRS (clean version, "Can't Remember Sometimes" kicked in earlier....grin if you must!  However, I did have enough cedar but had already routed the channel for the piano type hinge and pre-drilled the holes.  It is best to do it right the first time!

Click on below thumbnail pixs for a larger screen view:

I had a piece of the cedar molding long enough and ripped a piece a little over 3/16 inch thick to fit between the two cedar side pieces at the rear of the lid.  I got a couple routers out and decided to use the smaller 1.5 HP DeWalt router and used a straight edge as a guide for the router to control the maximum width of the cut into the top of the lid.  I set the router up using a 1.125 inch diameter two fluted carbide tipped cutter which cuts flush on the bottom.  I also set up a scrap piece of material and did a test run on it to get the router depth adjusted and the straight edge width needed from the edge of the rear of the lid.  Routers work great but most of the time you need some type of means to control its path whether it is with a guide bearing, guide bushing, straight edge or fixture which controls and limits the movement of the router.  Those items are like a road map or GPS to the router to get you where you need to be.

Using the plunge router with the edge guide would have required more set-up time using a longer auxiliary board for the edge guide to ride against and there would be some clamping issues too and the smaller router with the board used as an edge guide worked fine.

After the channel was routed, everything went along fine and freehand routed the end of the channel and finished squaring the corner of the routed channel with a 3/4 inch chisel and mallet.  I glued and clamped the cedar board in place and after drying overnight, I will remove the clamps and finish sand the cedar insert board.  Below pix of the lid:

I like the lid much better now with the pine totally surrounded by the cedar.

I ordered a pair of Stabilus 150N Lift-O-Mat Gas Springs for the lid support since the lid weighs 16 lbs. which are on back-order.

STAINING AND FINISHING

My bride was looking at the pixs taken so far and wanted to know why the wood molding trim was more gold colored and I told here it was the color/hue or shade of the pine molding (apparently two different species) which should stain and match the pine cabinet once the stain/poly is applied.  I am going to test out Min-Wax Polyshade Chestnut color combination stain and polyurethane on scrap material and see how it looks.  If I don't like it, I will go with a separate stain and polyurethane finish.

Web published by Bill aka Mickey Porter on 03-05-16.

FINISHING STARTED ON 03-07-16

I tested out the Min-Wax Polyshade and didn't like it.  I did a test panel or two with a couple different alcohol based stains but decided to finish the toy box with clear musical instrument lacquer to show the natural grain pattern of both the pine and the cedar.  There are three different species of pine in the box with each having a different hue and grain pattern which is ok too. 

I have left over sanding sealer, lacquer and lacquer reducer from my banjo construction project and hope the ole Lynx L300H CATechnologies HVLP spray gun is still operational. 

I used my summer sausage drying rack to support the lid and used a four wheel pull cart for the toy box and applied a coat of sanding sealer to the lid and the box.  They were allowed to dry and lightly buffed with a Scotch Brite green pad.  I do not have an inside spray booth and have to work with the weather conditions and do my spraying in front of the basement garage entrance to the shop.  The weather was fantastic today with a light breeze blowing and got a couple coats of lacquer applied.  I will spray a couple more coats of lacquer on tomorrow and let it harden a few days to a week before buffing it out.  All I want is a protective coat of finish and not going for a musical grade type finish.

Click on thumbnail pixs below for a larger screen view.

Web published by Bill aka Mickey Porter with update on 03-07-16.

SPRAYING LACQUER CONTINUED 03-08-16

Around mid-day, the temperature was in the low 70s with the humidity around thirty-four (34) percent per a Google check and was time to add a couple of clear coats to the underside of the lid.  Our daughter wanted me to sign and date the box for Xander of which I did prior to spraying on the first coat; pix below of the inside of the lid:

I applied two coats of lacquer to the lid and one or two coats to the box and will let it dry before any additional top coats are applied.  My lacquer reducer for the Mohawk nitrocellulose lacquer was getting very low and ordered four (4) gallons to keep from having to pay a surcharge for less than their minimum order standard.  I am sure it will get used on my woodworking projects; besides, it doesn't eat anything......grin if you must!  The lacquer is manufactured in Hickory, NC and Mohawk-Finishing also produce and sell other labeled musical instrument finishing products as well.

Web published update by Bill aka Mickey Porter on 03-08-16.

WAITING ON THE Stabilus 150N Lift-O-Mat Gas Springs

The toy box is completed except for lift-O-Mat Gas Springs.  Below pix with the lid installed:

Web published update by Bill aka Mickey Porter on 03-14-16.

XANDER'S BIRTHDAY PARTY

Today is March 20, 2016 and still waiting on the gas springs for the Xander's toy box aka blanket chest.  Xander's birthday is tomorrow and his Dad has to work so Steve, Lisa, Xander, my bride and myself met at the Pizza Inn in Rockingham, NC for an early birthday lunch celebration.

After the lunch, we met at our home and Xander got his birthday cake, ice cream and some birthday gifts.  I forgot my camera mode was set for an outside sunny day setting and the WB setting was incorrect for using in the auto mode inside but things like that happen, especially more so in the Senior Citizen mode.....grin if you must!

Click on below thumbnail pixs taken for a larger screen view:

We had a great time and Xander was in over drive this afternoon.

Hopefully, the next picture will be the installation of the lid gas springs.

Web published update by Bill aka Mickey Porter on 03-20-16.

Stabilus 150N Lift-O-Mat Gas Springs finally arrived on 04-19-16

The Stabilus gas springs finally arrived and installed them on 04-20-16 and plan to deliver the toy box aka Blanket chest tomorrow.  The springs works very well even though it might get a little ones fingers when the lid closes but the force is greatly reduced by the gas springs, whereas the lid weighs sixteen (16) pounds.  I placed a felt pad under one corner to take give some space between the lid and the chest.  As soon as you raise the lid upward a few inches, the gas springs take over and raises the lid in slow motion to its maximum opening position which is a little less than 90 degrees.  In closing, the springs will slow motion close the lid except the last few inches which has some force to it which could get a little ones finger but like I said earlier, the force is greatly reduced.

Below a couple pixs taken:

I am very pleased with the finished toy box and it was another learning experience.  I found out the hard way that all squares are not square and one of the ole Marine Corps sayings, "Adapt and Overcome" and that is exactly what I did.

I am currently building additional napkin holder boxes for gifts; might sell a few and learning new things in the process.

Web published update by Bill aka Mickey Porter on 04-20-16.

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